Dogubeyazit: Close to the frontier of Iran Dogubeyazit lies 1.460 m over sea-level protruded by the holy mountain Ararat (5.165m).
Here you will find the Ishak Pasha palace one of the most attractive sights of Eastern Anatolia. It had been built on a plateau 2.000 m over sea-level above the town in the 18th century and combines Ottoman,
Armenian, Georgian, Persian and Seljukian style elements.
The university town Erzurum
is famous for its buildings from the Seljukian time. The oldest Mosque of th town “Big Mosque” (Ulu Cami) had been built in 1179 and consist of 7 parts.
Cifte Minare Medresesi - a religious school - had been
founded in the middle of the 13th century. Next to it you find the Hatun mausoleum from 1255 and a bit north of it 3 more mausoleums from the 13th century.
From 900 to 600 BC Van
was capital of the kingdom of Urartu. The town is situated alongside the traintrack to Teheran and is connected with Tatvan trough a train-ferry.
Of special interest here is a hill next to the Lake of Van where
once was the castle of King Sardur I of Urartu (832 - 825 BC).
The Van Lake lies 1.720 m above sea-level and is 7 times as big as the German Lake Constance.